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H.E.A.T. Watch – Stop Human Exploitation and Trafficking

Alameda County H.E.A.T. Watch Tip Line:
Office of the District Attorney, Alameda County
Nancy E. O'Malley, District Attorney

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Labor Trafficking

Definition of Labor Trafficking: individuals perform labor or services through the use of force, fraud, or coercion. Labor trafficking includes situations of debt bondage, forced labor, and involuntary child labor (National Human Trafficking Resource Center, 2016)

WHERE ARE THEY?domestic service, janitorial service, constructioncar wash, restaurants, beauty salonsmassage parlors, elder care, begging, manufacturing, hotel/motel

Red Flags:

Inappropriate work or living conditions

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  • Excessive daily work hours
  • Physical or psychological abuse
  • Work place harassment
  • Inability or fear to leave job
  • Overcrowded or unsafe work Conditions

No Control over finances and/or immigration documents

  • Legal threats of deportation
  • Passport and/or legal documents taken away
  • Debt bondage
  • Victim does not have a housing contract
  • Victim does not have control over his or her own money


  • Victims transported to and from work shift together
  • Victim unable to speak for his or herself

Local Resources Available:




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Download resources as a PDF in Spanish